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diamond and gold mining 20th century

History of mining in South Africa: The key events throughout time

20 May 2019 ... Coal mining continued to expand until the turn of the 20th century, with ... Diamonds were first uncovered at the site of the Big Hole in 1871, and until ... the combination of the Venterspost, Libanon and Kloof gold mines into a...

Mining industry of South Africa - Wikipedia

Mining in South Africa was once the main driving force behind the history and development of ... Ownership of the diamond and gold mines became concentrated in the hands of a few entrepreneurs, ... The gold mining industry continued to grow throughout much of the early 20th century, significantly contributing to the...

South Africa - Diamonds, gold, and imperialist intervention ...

Diamonds, gold, and imperialist intervention 1870–1902 ... A new class of mining capitalists oversaw the transition from diamond digging to mining industry as ... earned low pay at century's end about one-ninth the wage of white miners .

South Africa - Gold and Diamonds - Country Studies

By the mid-twentieth century, South Africa was the world's largest producer or ... gold mines, twenty-two coal mines, and sixteen diamond, platinum, antimony,...

Diamond History and Lore - GIA

Diamonds were discovered in the pans of gold miners as they sifted through the ... By the early 1900s, De Beers controlled about 90 percent of the world's...

History of Gold in South Africa - The Diamond Works

3 Jan 2018 ... Gold mining very quickly became the largest and most important part of the South African economy. Throughout much of the early 20th century,...

Major sectors - Minerals Council South Africa

The Witwatersrand gold-producing area in South Africa is underlain by an ... extensive and a total of 70 ore minerals, including diamonds, have been documented from the ... In the 20th century, the large gold mines on the West Wits line were...

Grade 8 - Term 2: The Mineral Revolution in South Africa ...

27 Aug 2019 ... Britain, Diamond mining and increasing labour control and land expansion ... The discovery of diamonds in 1869 and of gold in 1886 changed the South African ... In the first half of the twentieth century, government economic...

"working in the grave": the development of a health and ... - Core

In the first thirty years of the twentieth century about 93 000 African miners died disease- ... Whilst the thesis is neither a history of gold mining in South Africa nor an ... documented, especially for diamond miners travelling to, or from, Kimberley.

Chinese control over African and global mining—past, present ...

22 Jul 2020 ... During the twentieth century, European and North American interests dominated ... The Chinese small-scale miners of gold around the world , for example, ... We include uranium, and also industrial minerals and diamonds. 7.

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